Japanese Language Basics


If you're planning a trip to Japan you'll need to learn a few basic Japanese words here are few listen below.

Leaving home:

- ittekimasee: (I'm leaving)
- itterasshai (Have a safe trip)

Coming home:

- tadaima (I'm home)
- okaerinasai (Welcome home)

Hello:

- On face: konnichiwa
- On phone: moshi-moshi
- On face and phone: doumo

Goodbye:

- sayounara
- doumo

Sorry:

- sumimasen
- doumo

Ending a conversation (professional):

- sumimasen deshita
- shitsurei shimashita
- doumo

Thank you:

- arigato
- arigato gozaimasu (present)
- arigato gozaimashita (past)
- doumo

Dining Etiquette:

- Before eating: itadakimasu
- Cheers: kanpai
- Delicious: oishii, oishii desune or umai
- Second serving (generally rice): okawari or okawari kudasai
- After eating (thank you): gochisousama or gochisou sama deshita

Introducing yourself:

- Occasion of first meeting, beginning or start: hajimemashite
- Hello: konnichiwa

"Hello, my name is Jessica" (Female)
"konnichiwa, watashi no namae wa jessica desu"

"Hello, my name is Jason" (Male)
"konnichiwa, boku no namae wa jason desu"

"Pleased to meet you"
"yoroshiku onegai shimasu"

Casual meeting:

"Hello, I'm Jessica. Pleased to meet you"
"konnichiwa, jessica desu. yoroshiku"

"What's your name?"
"onamae wa nandesuka?"

Key words:

- douzo (Go ahead or after you)
- hai or un (Yes)
- sou (Right)
- iie or uun (No)
- soujanai (Not right or incorrect)
- wakarimashita or wakatta (I understand)
- wakarimasen or wakaranai (I don't understand)

Family:

Father:
- otou-san
- oyaji
- chichi
- papa

Mother:
- okaa-san
- ofukuro
- haha
- mama

Grandfather:
- ojii-san

Grandmother:
- obaa-san

Uncle:
- oji-san

Aunt:
- oba-san

Older brother:
- nii-chan
- aniki
- ani
- onii-san

Older sister:
- onee-san
- nee-chan
- aneki
- ane

Younger brother:
- otouto

Younger sister:
- imouto

People above us:

- sensei: teacher, lawyers, doctor and master (the one that comes before)
- shishou: master
- hakase: professor, doctor, scientist and inventor (high academic respect)
- senpai: an upperclassmen, someone older and experienced
- kohai: inverse of senpai

Lucy Gomes